OTHER: Helicopter - Inside - Interleaving - UniCopter-UAV - 1/2-scale
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To perhaps develop and test an advanced Interleaving (or Intermeshing) UAV rotorcraft.
A rotorcraft that has good loitering time, high-speed forward flight and good maneuverability.
Currently considering all electric with three motors, and perhaps a turbine genset for initial development. See drawing 1474_Interleaving_All_Electric.dc
For information related to reason for tractor prop see; DESIGN: UniCopter ~ Pusher Prop - General - Tractor vs. Pusher
Note that the following Intermeshing and Interleaving are now basically identical except for the stagger between the rotors and a slight variation in the 'V' angle. It will be possible to build a single craft that can be varied for testing.
Larger view of an earlier version of the above drawing
To increase the size of the drawing, click on magnifying glass mouse pointer.
The blades are removable (or swing aft). The propeller folds aft when not operational. The tail assemble swings down 30º.
The collapsed size of the craft should be; 84" long x 24" wide * 20" high.
The weight of the craft should be 165 lbs.
Synchronization of Rotors on Electric Motor Driven Craft:
In addition to the encoders on both rotors, the following might be considered.
Have the passage of a blade tip past the other rotor's hub indicate the Δψ between the two rotors. This would be duplicated on the other rotor for safety..
Physical Means to Eliminate Blade-Blade Clashing:
Have small 'arms' and the leading and trailing edges of the blade tips. The leading edge arm will be curved up and the trailing arm will be curved down. This will cause the blade tip to pass over, or be passed under the other rotors blade
These "arms' may be modified to counter some of the swirl from the tip vortex.
Considering locating a camera in each of the two rotorhub pods. This way the vision will not be through a tractor propeller at the front of the fuselage.
- In addition, there might be the opportunity for 3D vision at some time in the future. The remote pilot would have a screen for each eye. The cameras would have computer controlled focal point; by lens adjustment for depth and by pan and tilt (to this focal point).
Safety / Reliability:
With separate electric motors for the propeller [Predator 30] and pair of rotors [Predator 37] the craft can take off fly and land with either motor inoperative.
Notes and Thoughts:
Considering the difficulty of controlling small autonomous helicopters, will not the fact that the full size Kaman synchropter was easier to fly then helicopters with tail rotors suggest that the intermeshing helicopter will be a better platform?
Related UAV Web Pages; -
at This Web Site:
at Outside Web Sites:
R/C Helicopter Glossary: http://www.helihobby.com/html/helicopter_dictionary.html
UAV - Casper 250
R/C Flying Clubs in BC:
Introduction Page | SynchroLite Home Page | Electrotor Home Page | UniCopter Home Page | Nemesis Home Page | AeroVantage Home Page
Initially displayed: July 29, 2007 ~ Latest revision; September 8, 2008
The above utility invention is openly and publicly disclosed on the Internet to negate an entity from patenting it, to the exclusion of all others whom may wish to use them. ~ Reference patent law 35 U.S.C. 102 A person shall be entitled to a patent unless - (a) the invention was known ... by others in this country, ..., before the invention thereof by the applicant for patent.